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Different mining pool payouts explained: PPS vs. FPPS vs. PPLNS vs. PPS+

  • crypto
  • hash power
  • mining
  • reward
  • transaction
MineBest Team

MineBest Team

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6 min read
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06.09.2021
Mining Pool payouts explained PPS vs. FPPS vs. PPLNS vs. PPS+

Once a crypto enthusiast is convinced that they are going to take up mining a particular coin, the first thing that they have to decide on is which mining plan is best for their requirements.

There are numerous payment systems (over 15), but the vast majority of the pools operate on a PPS, FPPS, PPS+, and PPLNS basis. However, before trying to understand the different settlement models, it is important to come to a consensus on some terms used in crypto mining.

Block Reward: Block reward refers to the new coins issued by the network to miners for each successfully solved block.

Hashing Power: Hash rate is the speed at which a computer completes an operation in the cryptocurrency’s code. A higher hashrate increases a miner’s opportunity of finding the next block.

Luck: Luck, in mining, is the probability of success. Imagine that each miner is given a lottery ticket for a certain amount of hashing power they provide. If they are to provide 1 TH/s hashing power when the overall hashing power in the network is 10 TH/s, then they would receive 1 of 10 total lottery tickets. The probability of winning the lottery (in this case finding the block reward) would be 10%.

Transaction Fees: Some networks (like Bitcoin) also have substantial amounts of transaction fees rewarded to miners. These fees are the total fees paid by users of the network to execute transactions.

Pay-Per-Share (PPS)

Mining pool payouts explained: Pay-per-share (PPS)

PPS offers an instant flat payout for each share that is solved. Under this payment method, a miner gets a standard payout rate for each share completed. Each share is worth a certain amount of mineable cryptocurrency.

After deducting the mining pool fees, the miners are given a fixed income every day. Therefore, under the PPS mode, the returns are relatively stable. Miners are exposed to risk here. They may not get the transaction fees.

It is ideal for low priced orders for an extended period. This model becomes lucrative during a bearish run of a particular coin.

Pay-Per-Last-N-Shares (PPLNS)

Pay-per-last-n-shares (PPLNS) MineBest

In this case, profits will be allocated based on the number of shares miners contribute. This kind of allocation method is closely related to the block mined out. If the mining pool excavates multiple blocks in a day, the miners will have a high profit; if the mining pool is not able to mine a block during the whole day, the miner’s profit during the whole day is zero.

Notably, in the short term, the PPLNS model is highly correlated with a pool’s luck. If the luck factor of a particular mining pool decreases in the short term, the miner’s income will also decrease accordingly (the opposite case of the mining pool being lucky in the short term is possible too). However, in the long term, the luck factor tends to average out to the mean.

Hence, this model is ideal for fixing orders on a big pool that has a high chance of finding a block within the order time limit. Or a standard order which will have miners connected for a longer time.

Pay Per Share + (PPS+)

PPS+ is a blend of two modes mentioned above, PPS and PPLNS. The block reward is settled according to the PPS model. And the mining service charge /transaction fee is settled according to the PPLNS mode.

That is to say, in this mode, the miner can additionally obtain the income of part of the transaction fee based on the PPLNS payment method. This was a major drawback in the PPS model.

Full Pay Per Share (FPPS)

In this mode, both the block reward and the mining service charge are settled according to the theoretical profit. Calculate a standard transaction fee within a certain period and distribute it to miners according to their hash power contributions in the pool. It increases the miners’ earnings by sharing some of the transaction fees.

With the PPS and FPPS payment methods, you will get paid no matter if the pool finds a block or not. This is the most significant advantage over PPLNS. The risks and rewards are higher with the PPLNS plan.

Different mining pool payouts explained: PPS vs. FPPS vs. PPLNS vs. PPS+

The decision on which mining plan to choose from needs to be preceded by the decision of choosing the right mining infrastructure. MineBest is focused on providing users with complete high-class mining support.

Established in 2017, by Eyal Avramovich, Minebest’s core business involves creating multiple cryptocurrency mining farms that it plans to expand by up to 220 MW. They provide state-of-the-art facilities and infrastructure that are maintained by expert technicians around the clock.

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